Friday, August 1, 2008

Nuclear deal -Why hurry ?

It is quite intriguing that why both India and US are in such a hurry to fianlise the neclear deal. India says the deal is to be clinched before Bush leaves as the present offer is tremendously in its favor. Bush is also very keen to do it fast for reasons undisclosed. US is putting immense pressure on India. Why US is so particular that India should get all its energy needs from nuclear reactors? Why they are so concerned about India? Why they are particular about India's economic development? Is it to be believed that US is doing all this out of love for India? This is not Bush's personal gift to India. This deal can be done even after Bush. Bush will not get any personal mileage out of it as he is no more in the race for next president. So there exists some hidden agenda.
Why not a public discussion?
Many of our nuclear scientists like former Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission Dr. P.K. Iyengar, former chairman of Atomic Energy Board Dr. A Gopalakrishnan and former director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Dr. A.N. Prasad are against this agreement and demand a public discussion before entering in to the agreement. The deal will weaken India's nuclear deterrent and restrict indigenous R & D in nuclear technology. No uninturrupted fule supply is guaranteed in the agreement for reacotrs which India will place under US supervision. Article 5 of the 123 agreement simply states that US will join India in seeking to negotiate with the IAEA an "India- specific" fuel supply agreement. But this 'India specific' has not been defined so far and IAEA is not a fuel supplier. The agreement talks about " corrective measures that India may take to ensure uninturrupted operation of its civilian nuclear reators". These 'corrective' measures also have not been difined or made known to anybody in India. But the US has made sure in the agreement that "India will place all its civilian nuclear facilities under India-specific safeguards in perpetuity". Reprocessing the spent fueld has also many restrictions. Article 6 state that new national reprocessing facilities to be made for it. But it will take many many years to materialise. So the agreement is more beneficial to US.
Gains of US
Let us see what Washington gains out of it. India-Iran-Pak Gas pipeline project in which India is benefitted much is detrimental to US interests. Stopping it is one aim. US has a lot of nuclear bombs with them which they want to decommission as the cold war is over. Bomb grade plutonium so got can be sold to India as fuel. Further big American companies like Westington, General Electricals etc. are now out of business and India will be a good market for them once the deal is made. India has started eyeing oil exploration in Caspian sea and other parts, which is an eyesore to US. Sweet talk of this "tonnes of clean energy" can turn India away from such expeditions. India has lot of uranium to be mined. Once the deal is done India will not be able to explore that. So the benefit to US will be many fold; clearing their dead stock, making money out of it, turning away India from oil explorations, preventing them from developing own uranaium and finally the most important, getting control over all of India's nuclear programmes and thereby gagging India and preventing their development for ever.
US nuclear front
It is said that US has not made any nuclear reactors for the last many years and they are depending on other sources, not on nuclear energy, for their increasing needs.
Ecological disaster
We have seen Chernobil and the fate of many nuclear ships and submarines. Even the spent fuel generated in US is still kept not knowing what to do with it. The radiation will hunt humanity for millions of years to come.

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